漢語拼音介紹HanYu PinYin Introduction

1. HanYu(漢語) is the standard pronunciation of Beijing words, also called Mandarin, or ZhongWen (中文).

2. A syllable in Chinese is usually composed of an initial, a final a tone mark.
A finial (consonant) is always at the beginning of a syllable, it cannot exist by itself.
A final (vowel) is always at the end of a syllable, most can also stand by itself.
A tone mark is always on the first letter of the final’s main vowel.

3. There are four basic tones in HanYu. First, Second, third, fourth, plus a neutral tone.
The First tone ( – ) is hi9h and level. It’s near the top of your comfortable voice range.
**On the top of your comfortable voice and say, “ah….”

The Second tone (ˊ) Starts around the middle of your voice range and rises straight toward the level of the first tone. Do not let it sag.
**To show your unbelievable surprise and say, “What?”

The Third Tone (ˇ) begins near the bottom of your comfortable voice range, proceeds to reach the bottom, then turns upward to end above the middle.
Thinking of this rise at the end, many students make the mistake of notreachin9 the very bottom of their ran9e at the beginning. You must thinking pronouncing the third tone.
**Waiting for an answer and say, “Well?”

The Fourth Tone (ˋ) begins Qt the top of your comfortable range (same as the First Tone),then drop quickly to the bottom.
**Telling somebody off and say, “No!”The Neutral Tone (shown by the absence of a tone mark) is unstressed and takes a feeble tone in the middle of your voice range.
**Compare your intonation with the Second part of “many”.

***Third Tone Sandhi (tone mark remains the same)
a)When a third-tone syllable is followed by another third tone syllable, the first of the two chan9es to a second tone, however. The tone mark remains the same.

b)When a third-tone syllable is followed by two or more third-tone syllables, the third tone sandhi rule can telescope upon itself and change some or all but the final syllable to second tone, and the tone-graphs remain the same.

***Half Third Tone (tone mark remains the same)
a)The Half-third tone is Q variant of the third tone. It begins as the regular third tone does, but. Having reached its low point: it remains at that level without rising again.

b)A third-tone syllable is pronounced in the half third tone when it is immediately followed by any tones other than third.

the table of comparison

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